Hawaiian Islands Overview
The Hawaiian Islands are the 50th state in the United States and is home to more than a million residents. These islands are spread out over 1,500 miles, with the main islands located on the southeastern end of the chain. For those visiting here, there are several main airports; some of which includes Hilo, Honolulu and Kona International Airport.
Of the hundreds of islands found in the group, there are eight main islands; of these, the islands of Oahu, Maui, Kauai and Hawaii are considered the most popular. Oahu is home to “Waikiki beach” and the state capitol of Honolulu. This is the heaviest populated and most visited of the Hawaiian Islands. Maui is the second-largest of the islands and has the third largest population. In addition to its gorgeous beaches, Maui Is home to Haleakala, the world’s tallest volcano. Kauai or the “Garden Isle,” is known for its beautiful beaches and lush green flora. Geologically, this is the oldest of the main islands. Hawaii or “The Big Island,” is the largest of the islands. It is here you will find eleven of the world’s climate zones.
The economy of Hawaii can be traced through a few dominant industries including whaling, sugarcane, pineapples, military and tourism. Since receiving statehood, tourism has been the largest industry. Hawaii also exports various foods and apparel. However, because of the distance to the United States west coast, these industries play a small role in the economy. Food exports include pineapples, coffee, macadamia nuts, livestock, and sugarcane.
The state government of Hawaii is similar to the federal government with some adaptations taken from the kingdom period of Hawaii’s past. As stated in the Constitution of Hawaii, there are three branches of government including legislative, executive and judicial. Hawaii is represented on the Federal level in the United States by two Senators and two Representatives.